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Green Tree Frog
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Among all species of frogs in the world, the tree frog is the most well-known in north of Iran, Māzandarān province. The green tree frog has introduced population in west and also provinces of Bushehr and Khuzestān.

The natives of Māzandarān call it Dārvag, dār means tree and vag means frog. It belongs to Hylidae family which is a subclass of the Amphibians. It can grow up to 5 centimeters in length; its color is green and has large discs at the end of its toes. They help the frog grip whileclimbing the tree or rest on the leaves and windows. Its fingers are webbed. The rice-fields, trunks and leaves of big trees, cane-brakes and river basins are its best habitat. In Khuzestān it is usually seen on the wide leaf of banana trees. Dārvag mostly feeds on insects like butterflies, flies and dragonflies and every other thing it can catch and swallow. The movement of tree frogs is so less that they would live all their lifetime under the same tree they were born.

They usually live on top of the trees. The smallest frog in Iran, the green tree frog has the loudest voice among its species. The mating season is spring. Females lay up to 1000 eggs. The tree frogs in Iran are not fatal, but their same species in other regions are poisonous. Their poison is so valuable and has a variety of uses for humans. It is said that Dārvag always sings before rainfall. Although it is not scientifically clear, but surely it has been proved through experience during centuries.

 

نوشته شده در Wed 4 May 2011 ساعت 19:33 توسط HAMID | |

Countdown for Cheetah

Asian Cheetah
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You can see the Asian Cheetah nowhere but in Iran. In the entire world we have two sub-spices of cheetah: African and Asian. The world’s last few critically endangered Asian Cheetah known to survive in Iran. It is the fastest animal in the world. It is estimated that an adult cheetah can reach a speed of 110 km per an hour. In the maximum speed, the length of its jump is about 7 meter. The fur has a background color of light yellow, covered with black spots. It also has a black line or tear stripe, drawing from the eye to the mouth. an interesting feature in cheetah is its tail that works as a counterbalance for turning. If it wants to change direction while running, it moves its tail to opposite side. Its lifetime in nature is about 12 to 14 years. All we said up to here is shared between African and Asian cheetah. But they are different in habitat and feeding. Asian cheetah lives and thrives in open-land, semi-desert areas and where prey is available. The Asiatic cheetah is found in Kavir desert region of Iran which includes parts of Kerman, Yazd, Khorasan, and Tehran. The main diet of Asian cheetah is Jebeer Gazelle andwild goat.

In recent times this numerous and common animal wasdriven to extinction, and their numbers are declining rapidly. Hunting and habitat loss are the primary factors responsible for their decline. As ranchers move into cheetah’s territories with their domestic animals, cheetahs are coming into conflict with man, and many cheetahs are shot as stock killers. Cheetahs’ habitat is an important region of coal and iron mines. Mining itself is not a treat but road construction and resulting traffic made the cheetah in hand. To prevent the endangered cheetah from extinction, Iran’s Department of the Environmental, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) have launched the Asiatic Cheetah protection project. The new researches designate the exact habitats of cheetahs. Specific herders’ training course also performed for local residents of protected areas. In spite of all conservative efforts, still their number is reduced.

 

نوشته شده در Sun 1 May 2011 ساعت 19:2 توسط HAMID | |
 
Iranians will tonight celebrate Yalda Night to observe the longest night of the solar calendar and mark the birthday of Mithra, the goddess of light.

The ancient festival of Yalda is to celebrate the beginning of winter. Yalda eve, 21st of December, is considered the longest night of the year when ancient Iranians celebrated the birth of Mithra, the goddess of light.

Mithra is the Avestan language name of the Zoroastrian divinity of covenant and oath. Mithra is a judicial figure, an all-seeing protector of truth.

Families and friends gather together to celebrate the night until after midnight. They are served with dried fruits and nuts.

Pomegranates and watermelons, which are said to symbolize the red color of dawn in the sky, have special place in this night.

During the long night, Iranians also practice bibliomancy with the poetry of the highly respected mystic Iranian poet, Hafez.

The poems of Divan-e-Hafez, which can be found in the bookcases of almost all Iranian families, are intermingled with peoples' life and are read or recited during various occasions like Nowruz and Yalda Night.

Yalda Night has been officially added to Iran's List of National Treasures in a special ceremony last year
نوشته شده در Sun 28 Nov 2010 ساعت 19:24 توسط HAMID | |

The National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران [ˈsoɾude melije dʒomhuɾije ʔeslɒmije ʔiɾɒn]) was composed by Hassan Riyahi, with words written collectively. This anthem was adopted in 1990, replacing the anthem used during the time of Ayatollah Khomeini.

Persian original' UniPers alphabet English translation
سر زد از افق مهر خاوران
فروغ دیده‌ی حق باوران
بهمن، فرّ ایمان ماست
پیامت ای امام، استقلال، آزادی نقش جان ماست
شهیدان، پیچیده در گوش زمان فریادتان
پاینده مانی و جاودان
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sar zad az ofoq mehre xâvarân
Foruqe dideye haqbâvarân
Bahman, farre imâne mâst
Payâmat ey Emâm, esteqlâl, âzâdi, naqše jâne mâst
Šahidân, picide dar guše zamân faryâdetân
Pâyande mâni o jâvedân
Jomhuriye Eslâmiye Irân
Upwards on the horizon the Eastern Sun rises
The light in the eyes of the Believers in Justice
Bahman is the zenith of our faith.
Your message, O Imam, independence, and freedom, the purpose of our lives,
is imprinted on our souls
O Martyrs! Your cries echo in the ears of time:
Be enduring, continuing, and eternal,
Islamic Republic of Iran

نوشته شده در Wed 10 Nov 2010 ساعت 18:24 توسط HAMID | |

The term Iran (ایران) in modern Persian derives from the Proto-Iranian term Aryānā, first attested in Zoroastrianism's Avesta tradition. Ariya- and Airiia- are also attested as an ethnic designator in Achaemenid inscriptions. The term Ērān, from Middle Persian Ērān (written as ʼyrʼn) is found on the inscription that accompanies the investiture relief of Ardashir I at Naqsh-e Rustam. In this inscription, the king's appellation in Middle Persian contains the term ērān (Pahlavi ʼryʼn), while in the Parthian language inscription that accompanies it, the term aryān describes Iran. In Ardeshir's time, ērān retained this meaning, denoting the people rather than the state. The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan, and means "Land of the Aryans".

Notwithstanding this inscriptional use of ērān to refer to the Iranian peoples, the use of ērān to refer to the geographical empire is also attested in the early Sassanid period. An inscription relating to Shapur I, Ardashir's son and immediate successor, includes regions which were not inhabited primarily by Iranians in Ērān regions, such as Armenia and the Caucasus." In Kartir's inscriptions the high priest includes the same regions in his list of provinces of the antonymic Anērān. Both ērān and aryān come from the Proto-Iranian term Aryānām, (Land) of the (Iranian) Aryas. The word and concept of Airyanem Vaejah is present in the name of the country Iran inasmuch as Iran (Ērān) is the modern Persian form of the word Aryānā.

Since the Sassanid era the country has been known to its own people as Iran; however, to the western world, the official name of Iran from the 6th century BC until 1935 was Persia or similar foreign language translations (La Perse, Persien, Perzie, etc.). In that year, Reza Shah asked the international community to call the country by the name "Iran". A few years later, some Persian scholars protested to the government that changing the name had separated the country from its past, so in 1959 Mohammad Reza Shah announced that both terms could officially be used interchangeably. Now both terms are common, but "Iran" is used mostly in the modern political context and "Persia" in a cultural and historical context. Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979, the official name of the country has been the "Islamic Republic of Iran."

نوشته شده در Thu 4 Nov 2010 ساعت 18:32 توسط HAMID | |